In conversation: Salman Khan and Sebastian Thrun talk online education

TED Blog


Scratch the surface of online education, and you’re destined to run into the names of two men. The first, Salman Khan, never intended to be an education icon. Instead, he simply watched with increased interest as videos he had uploaded to YouTube to help his cousin learn math were seized upon by a world apparently eager to learn via his thoughts on the subject. By making his sideline into the non-profit Khan Academy, which now offers more than 5,000 free online lessons on an array of topics, Khan has since become a central figure in the “what should we do about education?” debate.

He also inspired the second key figure. Sebastian Thrun was a computer scientist who helped build Google’s driverless car before seeing Salman Khan’s TED2011 presentation and deciding, pfft, autonomous driving was no challenge at all. Taking inspiration from Khan’s model, he resolved to do his part…

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David Kelley on the need for creative confidence

TED Blog


In 2012, IDEO founder and longtime Stanford professor David Kelley took the TED stage in Long Beach and shared a deeply personal story. It was the tale of his own cancer diagnosis, of finding a lump in his neck and being told he had a 40% chance of survival. This was clearly a sobering moment, but he wasn’t sharing the story to seek our sympathy. [ted_talkteaser id=1449]Rather, he wanted to talk about his resulting epiphany. “While you’re waiting for your turn to get the gamma rays, you think of a lot of things,” he said drily. “I thought a lot about: ‘What was I put on earth to do? What was my calling? What should I do?'”

His conclusion: “The thing I most wanted to do was to help as many people as possible regain the creative confidence they lost along their way.” And that’s what he’s done through his…

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Interview with Jordana Lyden-Swift from Unit+

The Design Wire recently had a chance to speak with Jordana Lyden-Swift, one of the lead designers from the Unit+ collective and a Community Design Ambassador for The Design Wire. Having recently returned from Italy where the Unit+ team have been working on Operazione Arcevia 2.0, a community led design project based in beautiful Riserva Privata San Settimio in the Marche region. We jumped at the opportunity to speak with Jordana about how community led design could help benefit everyone involved in more ways than one…

Hi Jordana, thank you for taking the time to speak with us. First of all, could you please explain to us what exactly Unit+ is and what it’s all about?

Unit+ is primarily, an architecturally led design practice based in London. Whilst there is a core group of designers that ensure smooth running of the studio and oversee all projects, we operate as a collective. We have a trusted network of designers that mean we can confidently take on any scale of project and be sure we can still deliver quality. We largely encourage participation, not observation, and at the heart of our work is our community led design projects. We like to have a large social aspect to our projects, working with communities and ensuring our designs have a positive influence on their surrounding context, weather that is social, environmental or otherwise. Our motto, if you could call it that, is Conversation, Collaboration, Concept, Design. Good design is art that solves problems. If you don’t understand a problem, you can’t overcome it, so engaging with clients and communities is paramount for us the in development of a good project. We like to get under the skin of a project brief and we have a strong belief that the best work is obtained by working collaboratively with both the community and designers along with artists and other designers from across all the disciplines.

Unit+ came together whilst we were all studying at London Metropolitan University; the founding members were all in the same design studio, Studio 3. It is unusual to find people that think in a similar way to you, and we are not ones to break that mould, however whilst some of us feel that the concept, or the aesthetic, or even the structure is the most important aspect to a project, we all have the same set of core values when it comes to design. Our design studio involved working with live projects and we were able to experience valuable, firsthand experience of working with a community as our partners in design. Working within a very hands-on environment encouraged the realization that even at a small scale, so much is achievable. When we left university we weren’t prepared to give that up, so Unit+ was born.

I became involved with Unit+ because I agreed with the ethos and saw a way to “be more in control of my professional career”. As a young design graduate, good internships area rare and job positions are even rarer. Even if you do manage to obtain one, everyone has heard the horror stories of hours spent making tea and drawing up boring layouts. Whilst there are many important things to be learned from conventional professional practice, I felt the hands on manner of Unit+ was for me. At a small scale one can be involved in every stage of a structures realisation. From concept to completion, you learn what is necessary to realise a project. Whatever path ones career takes, that is invaluable experience.

You have recently returned from Italy where Unit+ have been working on a project, could you tell us more about this project and how it came into fruition?

Operazione Arcevia 2.0 came into being when Unit+ founder Nicolo Spina met Carolina Bernasconi, the owner of Riserva Privata San Settimio. I believe the meeting was by chance but it shows that with entrepreneurial thinking, opportunities can be found everywhere“. The idea was birthed to create a workshop. Five of us stayed at the reserve for a week creating experiential maps and researching the area. The O.A 2.0 brief was developed by Unit+ in collaboration with the reserve based on our findings. The reserves owner wished to create something amazing in and for the local area and Unit+ became the enabler. A plan for rejuvenating the area informed fully by the untapped potential we discovered there. We have since been back twice with larger teams and have built two structures, created 1:1 mapping systems, and created installations within the nearby town of Palazzo. The event surrounded all of these in order to engage the local community and discuss the possible futures of the area. We will be heading back next April and our intentions are to grow the project to benefit and involve as much of the local area as possible.

It’s very important for every designer to work with a community at some point during their career, even just for the experience. It’s different to working with a conventional client. All our designs are for end users and this can sometimes get lost as we focus ever more tightly on our work. Working with a community “brings some of the human back to design”.
I know a number of architects that are scared of the community consultations that are necessary when working on large scale community projects. A community is not an issue that needs to be overcome but approached in the right way, (such as not showing up and informing them of what you’re building in their back garden, but actually as the name suggests, consulting them) communities are an amazing source of inspiration which can lead to better design. Working on a community orientated design project often gives you more freedom within your design. Conventional clients generally have a very clear idea of what they want. My experience is that community orientated design allows more creative freedom as they want a result but they are far more open to the different methods involved in reaching that goal.

Design has huge influence on us in our daily lives; everything we use was designed by someone somewhere. We recognize good design by its ergonomics, how easy it is to use. Malcolm Gladwell’s broken window theory shows how people can be influenced by their environment. If this is true of daily life, of course it can be used within communities. I’m not talking about hyper-modern methods and materials, but simply streamlining and emphasising the design that underlies everything we come into contact with.

The project that Unit+ worked on in Italy was aimed at helping to reinvigorate the local community, how did you tackle this issue and how did the community respond to your presence there?

O.A 2.0’s aim is to reinvigorate the local area. This is not a quick fix issue, a sustained effort is required, which is why we return twice a year. Regeneration master-plans have two problems for me in relation to this area of Italy. They work on too much of a formula, which does not take into account the human aspect, which can have a huge influence on a project like this. They also require huge amounts of resources. Our plan works in phases, each informed by the last and the ever changing environment of the area. This allows for an organic growth that can easily incorporate new developments and help turn away from dead ends.

Because we have taken the time to speak to the small community of Palazzo, the council and the local arts organisations are able to back us with support, advertising and even financially wherever they can. The projects are generating a vast amount of interest within the community, the man who paid for the cobbling of the main square encourages the use of our chalk spray paint, asking why it is not permanent and local women even grasp our hands when passing in the street proclaiming “buona fortuna” (Good luck).

I believe similar techniques could work in London. However the phrase “one size fits all” does not apply when considering community led projects. But as we spent time discovering what we could about Palazzo and Arcevia, the same exploration principles could help create an equal understanding of an inner city area and help develop a community orientated design project tailored for it. The intent remains the same but the method changes entirely. Whilst studying at London Metropolitan University, we were involved in a community orientated design project based in Everton. We were only there for a short while where we realized a small installation within the local school, we also held an exhibition of ideas for future developments that could take place and spoke to local community members about their thoughts. It goes to show that community orientated design projects can be any size and work on any timescale. It all depends on the resourcefulness of the designers.

Communities and charities can benefit from connecting with design in many ways. Designers are essentially problem solvers and will find innovative solutions to problems that may not have been immediately apparent. Installations, public or otherwise, raise awareness and intrigue. Creating a point of focus for events means communities can come together and it can help create opportunities, such as marketing or even fundraising. For example, at our beach hut raising event, food was free. It was donated and handed out by local businesses. However it had the capability to have over events such as charity auctions, bake sales or generate any number of sources for fund raising. For the beach hut raising, the element of community engagement and collaboration to raise the 50 beach huts were our primary aims of the project.

And on the same note, the benefits for young designers to become involved with community led design are innumerable. When searching for first jobs we’ve all discovered the catch 22 of “you cannot have a job because you lack experience, but you lack experience because you haven’t had a job”. Working with communities and charities allows for huge portfolio and CV development opportunities, whilst also “setting you apart by the nature of your work” for potential employers. As I mentioned there is a certain amount of creative freedom when working with charities and communities which will develop ones professional confidence and client interaction skills which are so important. In university we are very much lead by tutors, however, working with a community is more entrepreneurial by nature. You must be the harshest critic of your own work; it is your responsibility to give your best. Unlike university which consists mostly of hypothetical scenarios, working with charities and communities, one must be aware that your designs will then be inflicted on people. This responsibility and pressure combined with the freedom makes us all better designers.

Most charities or communities rely on fundraising or donations to maintain their organisations, do you think that access to design should only be for those whom can afford top designers or can design also be affordable?

Good design should not be elitist. It can be affordable and obtainable for almost any situation. For example, our beach hut project gathered momentum coming up to the event that we had not expected. We had invited local business owners to come to see us but seeing how many local residents were showing interest we asked them to bring sample plates of their produce. Knowing our intent for the materials we were buying, local wood and fixings merchants gave us huge discounts and in turn we posted their names as sponsors. Especially when working on behalf of charities or communities you would be amazed at the generosity of local businesses.

You recently facilitated two architectural design workshops for children in Ireland, How did that come about and what were the reactions of the children?

The workshops in Ireland came about when I was working with Galway arts centre. We were discussing running a series of workshops and when I contacted the local school. The reaction from the school was wonderful and the schools Headmistress became very excited by the prospect of hosting an architectural workshop. She asked me to come to run a small workshop to test the response of the children. Our aim was to make architecture more accessible and interactive for children and help give them a sense of ownership over their built environment.

It is possible that similar workshops could be aimed at adults within London communities. No designer can understand a community better than the people who live there can, so if shown how to perceive the potential in seemingly inane things the way designers can, the local community can become amazing assets to their area. To illustrate this in a slightly different way, while attempting to compile a series of stories about a region of Ireland. I asked the locals if there was any interesting folklore or local stories about the place where they lived. One particular gentleman said no, none that he knew of. When pressed he conceded there was an old ruin on the coast which supposedly belonged to an ancient Irish pirate queen. It wasn’t that he wanted to keep the tale from me. He just wasn’t quite sure of what exactly I was after. The same can be said of communities. There are assets in every community waiting to be uncovered, however most people may not realize the potential of things they take for granted.

Every year there are thousands of design graduates all vying for the same industry jobs, how important do you think it is to help nurture young design graduates that might not have the opportunity to go straight into the world of design?

We’ve all heard the phrase “it’s not what you know it’s who you know”, cynical though it may be, it’s the experience of many young designers. I consider myself lucky that I was surrounded with other designers when I finished university that were also willing to push themselves in an unusual alternative direction. Having that support, even though it wasn’t from anyone with more experience than me or with more letters after their name, it gave me the power to “enter the world of design under my own steam”. We are losing a generation of designers to second choice careers because they find walls instead of opportunities. With the lack of conventional professional practice positions it is essential to find a transition for graduates to enter the working world.

In my experience, not much if any support is available for recent design graduates. I’m aware that some universities have graduate schemes. I’m not sure how successful these are, but their aim is to find placements, not necessarily develop design skills. One very much has to work on your own initiative to find paths to move forward. The design world is not passive and being proactive is essential if you want to create opportunities. If it’s not happening for you the conventional way, make your own way. The design industry is not as regimented as others, ingenuity will be embraced.

I talked before about the individual benefits for both organisations and graduate designers to work together. The reciprocal relationship that can be created is ideal for all involved. Communities will be able to collaborate with young, passionate designers that will really engage in a project, which in turn can have amazing influences on communities and charities. The designers get a chance to work on live projects, developing their portfolio and also positively influence their local area.

What does the future hold for Unit+?

The future always holds surprises for us, because of the way our work is informed, one can never be certain how it will manifest. We will be heading back to Italy again, Operazione Arcevia 2.0 is developing fast and we have another commission north of Venice. I think the future will be exciting, we’re branching out from small scale architecture and working on some interesting interdisciplinary collaborations. You’ll have to wait and see.

Click on the images to view the Unit+ Website. You can also follow the tales of Unit+ on Facebook

What is Design Thinking?

Design Thinking is a methodology that is a proven and repeatable problem-solving procedure that any business or profession can employ to achieve exceptional results. As a style of thinking, design thinking is generally considered the ability to combine empathy for the context of a problem, creativity in the generation of insights and solutions, and rationality to analyse and fit solutions to the context. The term design thinking is becoming ever more popular throughout the design and engineering industries as well as business and management practices. Its broader use in describing a particular style of creative thinking-in-action is having an increased influence on modern day education across the disciplines.

There is currently momentum to create an awareness of design thinking processes that designers use to ideate and translate it into modern day educational systems. By understanding how designers approach problems and try to solve them, individuals and businesses will be better able to connect with, and invigorate their ideation processes in order to take innovation to a higher level. To a designer, the process of design thinking is hardwired into their systems; it has become second nature to them. The process becomes part of their everyday thought process, from tackling multi-million pound design projects all the way down to what to make for dinner. There is a process to every step of the journey in order to create the best outcome.

When starting along the design thinking process you must first DEFINE THE PROBLEM. This sounds simple enough but it can often be one of the hardest parts of the process and is one of the most important parts. If a problem is not clearly defined from the outset of the project then the end result will not serve to solve the problem. Design thinking requires for the problem or the brief to always be challenged to help gain a full understanding of the problem and to gauge or remove any preconceived notions of project parameters. At the forefront of design thinking is observation, in order to understand the problem you must see what people do rather than what you are told that they do. In order to think outside the box you must first step outside of it, see the problem for what is really is. Defining the problem involves observing a number of different perspectives and the constant and relentless childlike questioning, why? Why? Why? Until finally the simple answers are behind you and the real problem presents itself. One final key element to defining the problem statement is to withhold any form of judgement. The right words relating to defining the problem statement can help to increase creativity and remove any preconceived ideals. For example, it’s not “Design a chair”, it’s…..”Create a way to suspend a person”

Most successful design thinkers will work in teams to CREATE AND CONSIDER NUMEROUS OPTIONS. This will allow for each option to be carefully judged and considered equally. One way to look for multiple solutions is to look at the problem from as many different perspectives as possible, this will yield richer results and the combination of multiple perspectives can create a wider array of opportunities. The trick is to view the solutions not as a finished product but as opportunities to build on and develop. Design thinking suggests that working as a team of 5 on a problem for one day achieves far better results than 1 designer working on a problem for five days. The key is three-dimensional thinking, with multiple perspectives, every one adds a different block to the pile and eventually you will end up building a skyscraper.

Once you have a handful of promising results you must REFINE ALL POSSIBLE DIRECTIONS. You should nurture and embrace the wide array of possible directions. Ideas need to be given the opportunity and prospect of growth, design thinking allows for their full potential to be realised by creating environments conducive to growth. With some experimentation and the acceptance that mistakes will be made along the way, the potential for extraordinary results increases tenfold. You should ask yourself, can the ideas be refined to boost their potential? Can the multiple ideas be combined? Why? Why? Why? Any designer will tell you, no project is ever complete; there is always something else that can be done.

At this point, it’s always advisable to step back and REVIEW your results from a new perspective. Can the current project be developed to incorporate new opportunities? Is it the outcome that you imagined? But most importantly, does this outcome tick all the required boxes to solve the problem?

Now you have a winning formula it is time to COMMIT TO THE PROJECT, pledge resources and see your project come to fruition. Upon arriving at this point you have covered a number of elements. You have reviewed, observed, understood and successfully outlined the problem. Created a wealth of solutions, reviewed and analysed these opportunities and focused on a desired outcome and you are now ready to solve the problem.

Design thinking however cannot be completely defined in a step-by-step guide and as much as it has been already and will continue to be, design thinking as a process is a unique experience to every individual. It cannot be defined in one concise process. Design thinking is ultimately an individual’s thought process through a problem solving task. To a designer, design thinking is the process they have subconsciously created through the many years of their design career. It is an amalgamation of a process which is now second nature to every designer. The stages of Design Thinking can be taught but Design Thinking as a process is truly unique to each individual.


Fast Company – “Design Thinking… What is That?”

Wikipedia – Design Thinking

The generation of the lost designer.


Every year there are 1000’s of design graduates entering the race for the seemingly limited job vacancies within the design industry of their dreams. Each graduate having worked hard with many years of dedication to get the qualifications they need to reach the dizzy heights of their dream job, for the honour of being able to call themselves a design professional. However, many of these graduates and being brought back down to the harsh realities of life with one foul swoop and many are facing the prospect of unemployment, with the most common reply to a job application being seen all across the country. “Sorry you do not have enough experience” is a phrase that has been seen in all corners of the UK at one point or another, but where does a designer go from there?

After years of studying to become a professional within their industry, thousands of designers are having to defer their skills to other industries such as hospitality in order to pay the bills, many of which get caught up in a routine and never pursue their dreams of becoming a top designer. Thus the UK faces the prospect of generations of lost designers. Thousands of underutilised, creative thinkers with professional skills that can help create the change we are all craving within this country.

The harsh reality that design graduates now face is that “it is not what you know, but who you know”. This is a phrase that could well be used within many industries, so what is it makes designers special? Well the truth behind this statement is that it is not only the privileged or connected that have those vital and illusive connections that everyone needs these days, the truth is that we all ‘know someone’ that could help us achieve our goals, it’s just that we don’t always realise it.

We all live, play and work within a community and sometimes we are so disconnected to what and, more importantly who, is on our doorstep that we could be missing a great opportunity to not only help ourselves succeed but also help develop the communities around us for future generations to come. There are thousands charities and communities across the UK desperate for volunteers and those working within those industries will tell you that the volunteers that they do have are not always utilised for their specialities. So why can we not work together to help benefit everyone? Instead of charities working to better the awareness of their own needs, should we not look to form connections with other local resources to help develop the goals and potential of everyone involved?

The Design Wire aims to create a network where designers can not only benefit their own personal design skills and develop their portfolios but they can also help their local communities in the process. And through these connections, designers can not only use their professional skills to help charities and communities develop their design projects but they can also use their local knowledge to create connections, opportunities and help create a foundation to launch their careers. In return for their time, skills and expertise that the charities can utilise they can also help launch the careers of the designers through the development of their own design projects.

Everything in life is about making the most of the opportunities set before you, utilising the skills you have and helping those around you to develop their own. Let’s help bring back the emphasis to the importance of community led design. Instead of a host of individuals all striving to make the world a better place, why can’t we work together to make our own world a better place, the world that exists on our doorstep.

Welcome to the Design Wire Community!

Welcome to the Design Wire Community, we are a community focused, design network. The Design-Wire is a small design organisation that is thinking big; aiming to promote and develop stronger links between Communities and young professional Designers who have a wealth of fresh new ideas to support their local communities and charitable industries. The Design-wire aims to show just how young, new talent can bring creative and innovative solutions in these challenging times and are ready to offer their services in order to develop their CVs.

The Design-Wire believes in communities working together and recognizes the huge benefits that can come from local designers working in and with, their own communities; promoting community ownership and collaborative working. We work with communities to help create an understanding of the role that design can play within a community and the impact it can have within the social and economic development of the surrounding environment.

We offer FREE design consultations, where we can discuss how we can help achieve your community goals and ambitions through local design resource collaboration and the creative development of existing service targets. We aim to create a local design volunteering and project service platform enabling communities to access professional design advice and services.

We are working to promote how design can have a larger impact on the communities that shape the way we live today. We believe professional design should be made accessible to everyone and we aim to bring local designers to the table to support their community needs and bring much needed fresh ideas and innovative solutions in these difficult times.

If you would like to find out more about the work we do and how we can help your community projects then check out our website or simply email us at